What factors influence children's learning?

[:es]What factors influence children’s learning?[:]

[:es]The factors that influence children’s learning are all the internal and external agents that intervene in a beneficial or detrimental way in the development of the child’s potentialities. They influence academic success.

These factors that intervene and influence children’s learning are related to the role of both parents and educators.


Factors that influence children’s learning

The following are the factors that influence the formation and the teaching-learning process of children.


1- Environmental factors

These factors are related to where the child lives and grows up. It is considered that everything that surrounds the child can influence his or her learning.

Environmental factors allow the development of skills according to the child’s habits.

For example, a child who is raised in the city with daily access to tablets, computers, video games and cell phones, will be able to enhance technological skills, since this is what he/she sees every day.


You can also read: Common learning difficulties and how to deal with them


2- Individual differences in children

Each child has differences, and it is these differences that make him/her a unique human being. In this sense, it is necessary to know how much can be demanded from them according to their abilities, aptitudes and capacities.

It is necessary that parents, representatives and teachers know the limitations and potential of each child.

Many times it is expected that all children learn at the same pace simply because they are the same age. This is counterproductive and can cause traumas, which would delay the child’s learning.

3- Hereditary factors

Hereditary factors refer to those congenital problems that may be present in children, preventing them from developing their intellectual capacities to the maximum.

4- Absent fathers and mothers

Nowadays, both the father and the mother work in order to support the family financially.

This means that the time they spend with their children is little, making the children feel sad, and in some cases they put aside their studies.

This does not mean that they should stop working and dedicate themselves only to their children. They should learn to use the little time they can spend with their children and take care of their children’s daily activities (so that they do not feel lonely and abandoned).

5- Socio-economic factors

Socio-economic factors can influence a child’s learning in both positive and negative ways.

For example, education for the hearing impaired tends not to be accessible to the entire population. There are few public schools specializing in this type of disability.

This results in limited or no access for children who come from a low-income family.

This does not mean that if a person has limited resources, he/she cannot learn. In many cases, it represents a disadvantage for learning.


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